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USHUD 2010 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress
SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS and STATISTICS
June 20, 2011

Homelessness on a Single Night (PIT Count)……………………………More info: Sections 2.1 & 2.2

  • 649,917 on a single night in January 2010
    • 1.1% increase since 2009
      • no change in sheltered count; unsheltered count increased by 2.8%
      • number of homeless families increased by 1.2%
    • CA, NY & FL accounted for 40% of PIT count; only account for 25% of total U.S. population
    • Chronic homelessness: 1% decrease since 2009, 11% decrease since 2007

12-Month Sheltered Homeless Count (One-year estimate)………………More info: Sections 2.3 & 2.4

  • Over 1.59 million people spent at least 1 night in emergency shelter or transitional housing
    • 2.2% increase since 2009

Characteristics of Persons Experiencing Homelessness………………....More info: Sections 3.1-3.3

  • Overall: African-Americans, men between the ages of 31 and 50, and people with disabilities are all at a higher risk of becoming homeless (than the total U.S. population or the poverty population)
  • Individuals: more likely to be White men, over 30 years old, and have a disabling condition
  • Adults in Families: more likely to be younger African-American women without a disability

Trends in Sheltered Homelessness…………………………………………..More info: Sections 4.1-4.3

  • changes in # of people using shelters, 2007-2010:
    • principal cities: 17% decrease
    • suburban/rural areas: 57% increase
    • [context: shelter stays in suburban/rural areas have shortened à higher turnover rate à   can serve more people over time. opposite is true for principal cities]
  • change in # of homeless persons in families, 2007-2010: 20% increase

Use of Permanent Supportive Housing Programs…………...…………….More info: Sections 5.1-5.3

  • nearly 295,000 people used PSH at some point between Oct. 2009 and Sept. 2010
  • characteristics of PSH tenants:
    • more likely to be female, part of a family, living in an urban area, and African-American (compared to the sheltered homeless population)
    • more than half of adults in PSH had a substance abuse problem, mental illness, or both
  • exiting PSH:
    • most common destination was rental housing
    • only 5% left to a homeless situation

Homeless Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing………………………...…….More info: Sections 6.2-6.4

  • more than 690,000 people received HPRP assistance in its first year (77% homeless prevention assistance, 23% rapid re-housing)
  • characteristics of HPRP recipients:
    • two-thirds were women, compared to one-third of the sheltered homeless population
    • generally younger than adults in shelter
    • more likely to be living in their own housing at the time they began receiving assistance; much less likely to be doubled-up with family or friends
  • exiting HPRP:
    • 94% exited to permanent housing; rental housing was the most common destination.