Four-Year Study

*click here to download a copy of the Hate Crimes Report in printable .pdf format*

Advocates, homeless shelter workers, and National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) all began to recognize that reports of hate crimes and violent acts against the homeless were increasing with frequency and brutality. As a result, NCH began publishing annual reports documenting hate crimes and violent attacks against people experiencing homelessness in 1999. These annual reports have not only served to document the number of deaths and non-lethal attacks, but have included the individual stories of the victims of these crimes. This four-year study makes evident the great number of crimes as well as the large geographic area in which they occur.

Total number of deaths over 4 years (1999 - 2002): 123
Total number of non-lethal attacks over 4 years (1999 - 2002): 89

Number of different cities where crimes took place: 98
Number of states and Puerto Rico: 34

NCH developed a point system for cities and states where hate crimes had occurred. A city was awarded two points for each death and one point for each non-lethal act.

Top 20 Most Dangerous Cities for People Experiencing Homelessness
 
1. Denver, CO 8. Baltimore, MD -
2. Las Vegas, NV Colorado Springs, CO -
3. Rapid City, SD Fort Worth, TX - Jeffersonville, IN -
4. Toledo, OH Los Angeles, CA - Raleigh, NC -
5. New York City, NY San Diego, CA - Santa Cruz, CA
6. Chicago, IL 9. Albany, NY - Anchorage, AK
7. Kansas City, MO - Portland, OR - Seattle, WA 10. Tacoma, WA
 
Top 21 Most Dangerous States for People Experiencing Homelessness
1. California
2. Colorado
3. Washington State
4. Ohio
5. Nevada
6. New York & Texas
7. South Dakota & Illinois
8. Florida
9. Missouri & Oregon
10. Maryland, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, & Virginia
11. Connecticut, Indiana, & Pennsylvania
12. Alaska & Michigan

 

Cities where hate crimes/violence occurred from 1999 - 2002

Albany (NY)-4 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 3 non-lethal acts.
Anchorage (AK)-3 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Arlington (VA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Aurora (IL)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Austin (TX)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Baltimore (MD)-3 separate incidents resulting in 3 deaths.
Bay Point (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Bayamon, (Puerto Rico)-1 incident resulting in 4 non-lethal acts.
Berkeley (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Bloomington (IL)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Bremerton (WA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Burton (MI)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Cambridge (MA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Champaign (IL)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Charlotte Co. (FL)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Chicago (IL)-5 separate incidents resulting in 4 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Cincinnati (OH)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 non-lethal acts.
Cleveland (OH)-1 incident resulting in 2 non-lethal acts.
Colorado Springs (CO)-4 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths and 2 non-lethal acts.
Covington (KY)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Dale City (VA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Dallas (TX)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths.
Denver (CO)-9 separate incidents resulting in 9 deaths and 2 non-lethal acts.
Detroit (MI)-1 incident resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
El Sobrante (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Elgin (IL)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Eureka (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Fayetteville (NC)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Filley (NE)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Fort Lauderdale (FL)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Fort Worth (TX)-3 separate incidents resulting in 3 deaths.
Fredericksburg (VA)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Gainesville (FL)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Galveston (TX)-3 separate incidents resulting in 3 non-lethal acts.
Hamilton (OH)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Hartford (CT)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Hayward (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Hilo (HI)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Hollywood (FL)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Honolulu (HI)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Houston (TX)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Huntington (WV)-1 incident resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Hyattsville (MD)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Inglewood (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Jeffersonville (IN)-1 incident resulting in 3 deaths.
Kansas City (KS)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Kansas City (MO)-4 separate incidents resulting in 4 deaths.
Kent (WA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths.
Kissimmee (FL)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Las Vegas (NV)-13 separate incidents resulting in 4 deaths and 9 non-lethal acts.
Lawrence (KS)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Livingston (LA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Los Angeles (CA)-3 separate incidents resulting in 3 deaths.
Louisville (KY)-1 incident resulting in 2 non-lethal acts.
Memphis (TN)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Miami (FL)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Milwaukee (WI)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Modesto (CA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths.
Monticello (AR)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
New Britain (CT)-1 incident resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
New York City (NY)-8 separate incidents resulting in 3 deaths and 5 non-lethal acts.
Norristown (PA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Omaha (NE)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Passaic (NJ)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Paterson (NJ)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Peoria (IL)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Philadelphia, (PA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Pittsburgh (PA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Portland (ME)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Portland (OR)-4 separate incidents resulting in 4 deaths.
Raleigh (NC)-4 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths and 2 non-lethal acts.
Rapid City (SD)-8 separate incidents resulting in 8 deaths.
Reno (NV)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Richmond (VA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Sacramento (CA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 2 non-lethal acts.
San Diego (CA)-4 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths and 2 non-lethal acts.
San Francisco (CA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 4 non-lethal acts.
San Jose (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
San Juan (Puerto Rico)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 non-lethal acts.
San Luis Obispo (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Santa Ana (CA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 deaths.
Santa Cruz (CA)-6 separate incidents resulting in 6 non-lethal acts.
Santa Fe (NM)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Santurce, (Puerto Rico)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Sarasota (FL)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 non-lethal acts.
Seattle (WA)-4 separate incidents resulting in 4 deaths.
Sioux Falls (SD)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Spokane (WA)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Springfield (OH)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Suffolk Co. (NY)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Sun Valley (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Superior (WI)-1 incident resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Tacoma (WA)-4 separate incidents resulting in 4 non-lethal acts.
Tampa (FL)-2 separate incidents resulting in 2 non-lethal acts.
Toledo (OH)-6 separate incidents resulting in 6 deaths.
Tucson (AZ)-2 separate incidents resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Ventura (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.
Westminster (CA)-1 incident resulting in 1 death.


States where hate crimes/violence occurred from 1999 - 2002

Alaska-3 separate incidents in 1 city (Anchorage) resulting in 2 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Arizona-2 separate incidents in 1 city (Tucson) resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Arkansas-1 separate incident in 1 city (Monticello) resulting in 1 death.
California-32 separate incidents in 18 cities: Baypoint (1), Berkeley (1), Eureka (1), El Sobrante (1), Hayward (1), Inglewood (1), Los Angeles (3), Modesto (2), Sacramento (2), San Diego (5), San Francisco (2), San Jose (1), San Luis Obispo (1), Santa Ana (2), Santa Cruz (6), Sun Valley (1), Ventura (1), Westminster (1) resulting in 20 deaths and 15 non-lethal acts.
Colorado-13 separate incidents in 2 cities, Colorado Springs (4), Denver (9) resulting in 11 deaths and 4 non-lethal acts.
Connecticut-3 separate incidents in 2 cities: Hartford (2), New Britain (1) resulting in 2 deaths and 2 non-lethal acts.
Florida-11 separate incidents in 8 cities: Charlotte Co. (1), Ft. Lauderdale (1), Gainesville (1), Kissimmee (1), Hollywood (1), Miami (2), Sarasota (2), Tampa (2) resulting in 4 deaths and 7 non-lethal acts.
Hawaii-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Honolulu (1), Hilo (1) resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Illinois-11 separate incidents in 6 cities: Aurora (1), Bloomington (1),Champaign (1), Chicago (5), Elgin (1), Peoria (2) resulting in 6 deaths and 5 non-lethal acts.
Indiana-1 incident in 1 city (Jeffersonville) resulting in 3 deaths.
Kansas-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Kansas City (1), Lawrence (1) resulting in 2 deaths.
Kentucky-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Covington (1), Louisville (1) resulting in 3 non-lethal acts.
Louisiana-1 separate incident in 1 city (Livingston) resulting in 1 death.
Maine-1 separate incident in 1 city (Portland) resulting in 1 death.
Maryland-4 separate incidents in 2 cities: Baltimore (3), Hyattsville (1) resulting in 3 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Massachusetts-2 separate incidents in 1 city (Cambridge) resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Michigan-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Burton (1), Detroit (1) resulting in 2 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Missouri-4 separate incidents in 1 city (Kansas City) resulting in 4 deaths.
Nebraska-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Filley (1), Omaha (1) resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Nevada-14 separate incidents in 2 cities: Las Vegas (13), Reno (1) resulting in 5 deaths and 9 non-lethal acts.
New Jersey-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Passaic (1), Paterson (1) resulting in 2 deaths.
New Mexico-1 separate incident in 1 city (Santa Fe) resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
New York-13 separate incidents in 3 cities: Albany (4), New York City (8), Suffolk Co. (1) resulting in 5 deaths and 8 non-lethal acts.
North Carolina-5 separate incidents in 2 cities: Fayetteville (1), Raleigh (4) resulting in 2 deaths and 3 non-lethal acts.
Ohio-11 separate incidents in 5 cities: Cincinnati (2), Cleveland (1), Hamilton (1), Toledo (6), Springfield (1) resulting in 8 deaths and 4 non-lethal acts.
Oregon-4 separate incidents in 1 city (Portland) resulting in 4 deaths.
Pennsylvania-3 separate incidents in 3 cities: Norristown (1), Philadelphia (1), Pittsburgh (1) resulting in 3 deaths.
Puerto Rico-4 separate incidents in 3 cities: Bayamon (1), San Juan (2), Santurce (1) resulting in 7 non-lethal acts.
South Dakota-9 separate incidents in 2 cities: Rapid City (8), Sioux Falls (1) resulting in 8 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Tennessee-1 separate incident in 1 city (Memphis) resulting in 1 non-lethal act.
Texas-11 separate incidents in 5 cities: Austin (2), Dallas (2), Fort Worth (3), Galveston (2), Houston (1) resulting in 7 deaths and 4 non-lethal acts.
Virginia-4 separate incidents in 4 cities: Arlington (1), Dale City (1), Fredericksburg (1), Richmond (1) resulting in 3 deaths and 1 non-lethal act.
Washington-13 separate incidents in 5 cities: Bremerton (1), Kent (2), Seattle (4), Spokane (2), Tacoma (4) resulting in 8 deaths and 5 non-lethal acts.
West Virginia-1 separate in 1 city (Huntington) resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.
Wisconsin-2 separate incidents in 2 cities: Milwaukee (1), Superior (1) resulting in 1 death and 1 non-lethal act.


The following accounts are examples of the brutality that people experiencing homelessness have faced. These accounts are taken from NCH's annual hate crime/violence reports. The individual reports include all of the hate crime/violence accounts and can be found on NCH's website at http://www.nationalhomeless.org/ under the publications link.

SEVEN HOMELESS MEN KILLED IN DENVER
Seven homeless men have been found dead in Denver in the trendy Lower Downtown district. Two were beheaded. All of the men were beaten to death, one so savagely that his skull was in pieces. And at least two others were severely beaten.

The most persistent street rumor is that a pack of young men is picking on homeless people for sick thrills. In the only case so far with a witness, someone told the police that several juvenile male suspects were seen beating a homeless man in a downtown alley in early September.

They "may get a sort of high or thrill by beating up people, and homeless are such an easy target," said Police Lt. Judith Will. "It's sad and tragic."

John Parvensky, director of the Colorado Coalition for the Homeless, said, "It is just as important to find and bring the killers to justice as it is to find the murderer of Jon-Benet Ramsey."
Denver Colorado: Fall of 1999

HOMELESS MAN KIDNAPPED AND ATTACKED
Two men kidnapped Tommy Council, a homeless man. They tied him up and poured battery acid on his genitals while they threatened to kill him with the drop cord they had tied around his neck. One of the men, Leroy Thaggard, Jr., is in jail with $150,000 bail, but the other is still at large.
Fayetteville, North Carolina, November 2000

HIT-AND-RUN VICTIM LIVED FOR TWO DAYS WHILE TRAPPED IN WINDSHEILD
In early March of 2002, police learned that Gregory Glenn Biggs lived for two or three days after he was hit, lying on a car hood in a southeast Fort Worth garage, his body trapped in the windshield. Despite Biggs' pleas, police said the driver refused to help and left him to die. Afterward, the body was dumped in the park.

The medical examiner's office told police that Biggs suffered no internal injuries and apparently died from loss of blood and shock. Records listed Biggs' address as a homeless shelter.

"I'm going to have to come up with a new word. Indifferent isn't enough. Cruel isn't enough to say. Heartless? Inhumane? Maybe we've just redefined inhumanity here," said Richard Alpert, a Tarrant County assistant district attorney.
Fort Worth Texas, October 2001

HOMELESS MAN DIES AFTER HE BEING SET ON FIRE
After eight days of pain, Dennis R. Wade, 47, died due to third-degree burns. Sleeping on the porch of an abandoned house, Wade was set on fire and suffered from burns over 80% of his body. Reportedly, Wade told paramedics at the scene, "I can't believe they set me on fire." Despite Wade's initial stability, his brother reported, "He has no skin. The damage is done. He is not going to make it."
Springfield Ohio, August 2002

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