APPENDIX A: SOURCES
1/3/08 Monroe, Louisiana Sources:
Gunter, Johnny. Horne gets 20 years for stabbing homeless man. The NewsStar.com, August 20, 2008. Available at:
Associated Press. Homeless man’s attacker sentenced to 20-year term. WXVT-TV Delta-News, August 21, 2008. Available at:
Gunter, Johnny. Cascio to serve time in prison. Thenewsstar.com.http://www.thenewsstar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080919/NEWS01/809190313/1014.
1/18/08 Akron, Ohio Source:
Miller, Donna. More Arrests in Beating of Homeless Akron Man, Akron, Ohio, The Plain Dealer, January 18, 2008, available at http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2008/02/_two_more_people_have.html
1/20/08 Manatee County, Florida Source:
Local and State News, News Manatee, January 27, 2008. Available at: http://www.newsmanateearchive.com/2008-12-27-local.asp
1/22/08 Athens, Georgia Source:
Robbers Steal Shoes of Homeless Man, Athens Banner-Herald, January 24, 2008, available at http://www.onlineathens.com/cgi-bin/printme2005.pl
1/24/08 Lakewood, Colorado Source:
Homeless Man Sues Police after Alleged Dog Attack, Lakewood. Colorado, CBS 4 Denver, January 2008, available at http://cbs4denver.com/local/lakewood.police.lawsuit.2.637753.html
February-October, Hayward, California Source:
Eric Kurhi, Suspect ID’d in Hayward Serial Rape Case, Inside Bay Area, February 6, 2009. Available at: http://www.insidebayarea.com/ci_11648351?source=most_viewed
2/1/08 Cambridge, Massachusetts Source:
Smith, Erin. Men Attack, Stab Homeless Man. Cambridge Chronicle, February 1st 2008, Available at http://www.wickedlocal.com/cambridge/homepage/x1151559213
2/7/08 Honolulu, Hawaii Source:
Staff, Man, 24, Held in Beer-Bottle Attack, Honolulu Advertiser, February 8th 2008, available at http://www.the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2008/Feb/08/br/hawaii80208075.html
2/9/08 Dania Beach, Florida Source:
BSO: Registered Sex Offender Caught During Assault, cbs4 Local News, February 11, 2008. Available at: http://cbs4.com/local/david.gervin.sex.2.651242.html
2/13/08 Ft. Lauderdale, Florida Source:
Sampson, Hannah. Witnesses: Shackled Man Hit With Taser. Miami Herald, February 14th 2008, available at http://www.miamiherald.com/news/breaking_news/v-print/story/419889.html
2/14/08 Frederick, Maryland Sources:
Stern, Nicholas. Details of Homeless Man’s Death Emerge. The Frederick News-Post Online-Frederick County Maryland Daily Newspaper, February 16 2008. Available at http://www.fredericknewspost.com/sections/storyTools/print_story/htm?storyID=71344&c
District Court of Maryland for Frederick County. State of Maryland vs. Sigler, Willard V. Charge Summary. The District Court of Maryland. February 2008.
Gina Ballucci-White, Sigler gets 30 years for homeless man’s murder, The Frederick news Post, January 14, 2009, http://www.fredericknewspost.com/sections/stroytools/print_story.htm?story.htm?storyID=85096&c
Leckie, Kate. Trial Delayed in Homeless Man’s Murder. The Frederick News-Post Online-Frederick County Maryland Daily Newspaper, May 2008. Available at http://www.fredericknewspost.com/storyTools/print_story.htm?storyID=75099&c
2/15/08 St. Petersburg, Florida Source:
El-Khoury, Tamara. Man Arrested Shortly After Attack on Homeless Couple. St. Petersburg Times. February 15, 2008, available at http://www.sptimes.com/2008/02/16/news_pf/Seniority/Man_arrested_short_.shtml
2/20/08 Peoria, Illinois Source:
Police, Fire, and Courts. PJ Star, February 2008, available at http://www.pjstar.com/stories/022308/POL_BFS3CJSL.013.php
2/25/08 Ft. Lauderdale, Florida Source:
Attacks on the Homeless, CBS National News, February 2008
3/3/08 New York, New York Source:
Moncho, Craig. CAP Client Report of Assault
3/23/08 Bartlett, Tennessee Sources:
Hessedal, Kelly. Homeless Man Says Suspects Laughed as They Lit a Man on Fire. WREG-TV Memphis, March 2008, available at http://www.wreg.com/global.story.asp?s=8075781&ClientType=Printable
Conley, Christopher. Two Homeless Men Terrorized on Easter. Bartlett Cordova, April 2008, available at http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2008/apr/15/three-plead-in-vagrant-attacks/
Hessedal, Kelly. Only on 3: Homeless Man Attacked with Molotov cocktail Talks. WREG-TV Memphis, March 2008, available at http://www.wreg.com/global/story.asp?s=8082115$ClientType=Printable
Buser, Lawrence. Two Plead Guilty in Fiery Attack on Homeless Men in Bartlett. Commercial Appeal, Memphis, July 2009
3/29/08 Richmond, California Source:
Huff, Ryan. Violent Streak in Richmond Continues. Contra Costa Times, March 2008, available at http://www.contracostatimes.com
4/5/08 Ft. Lauderdale, Florida Sources:
Wright, Todd. Man Chased Us With Saw, 5 Homeless Men Charged. Miami Herald, April 2008, available at http://www.miamiherald.com/news/broward/v-print/story/488213.html
Malernee, Jamie. Feud Between Activist, Homeless Has Ft. Lauderdale Neighborhood in Turmoil. Miami Sun-Sentinel, April 2008, available at http://www.sun-sentinel.com
4/10/08 Cumberland, Maryland Source:
Associated Press. Cumberland Woman Stops Beating of Homeless Man. Maryland Way, April 2008, available at wjz.com
4/12/08 Cleveland, Ohio Source:
Kanary, Josh. Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless Incident Report Form
4/13/08 Tucson, Arizona Sources:
Huichochea, Alexis. Homeless Man Beaten to Death is Identified. Arizona Daily Star, May 2008, available at http://www.azstarnet.com
Smith, Kim. Tucson man pleads guilty in fatal beating of homeless man. Arizona Daily Star. http://www.azstarnet.com/sn/hourlyupdate/258751.php.
Smith, Kim. 2nd brother is also found guilty in fatal attack on homeless man. Arizona Daily Star. July 2009. available at: http://www.azstarnet.com/allheadlines/302302
4/25/08 New York, New York Source:
Jaccarino, Mike, Tamar El-Ghobashy. ‘I Want These Men to Pay:’ 3 Suspects Took Law into Own Hands, Dead Homeless Man’s Cousin Says. New York Daily News, April 2008, available at nydailynews.com
4/27/08 Key West, Florida Source:
Email from FrBraddock@cs.com
4/29/08 Glen Burnie, Maryland Source:
Scott Daugherty, Prosecutors seek to try 16-year-old as adult, charged in baseball bat killing, The Capital Online, November 11, 2008. Available at: http://www.hometownannapolis.com/cgi-bin/read/2008/11_11-23/TOP
5/17/08 West Palm Beach, Florida Source:
Burdi, Jerome. 2 Homeless Men Slain in Separate Palm Beach County Incidents. South Florida Sun, May 17th 2008, available at http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/local/palmbeach
5/27/08 Sacramento, California Source:
Police: Man’s Attack of Two Transgender Men a Hate Crime. The Sacramento Bee, May 27th 2008, available at http://www.sacbee.com/static/weblogs/crime/archives/012822.html
5/28/08 Nashville, Tennessee Source:
An Attack on a Good Man Goes Unnoticed—As Usual. Stone Soup Station, May 28th 2008, available at http://stonesoupstation.blogspot.com/2008/05/attack-on-good-man-goes-unnoticed-as.html
5/30/08 Waltham, Massachusetts Source:
Roche, Katie. Man Charged in Stabbing to Undergo Mental Health Evaluation. The Daily News Tribune, May 30th 2008, available at http://www.dailynewstribune.com/police_and_fire/x1056106007/Man-charged-in-stabbing-to-undergo-mental-health-evaluation
5/31/08 Isla Vista, California Source:
Daniel, Stacy. Homeless Man Fights for His Life After Being Beaten in Isla Vista. KSBY 6, May 31st 2008, available at http://www.ksby.com/global/story.asp?s=8445025&ClientType=Printable
6/11/08 Miami, Florida Source:
Ovalle, David and Erika Beras. 2 Homeless Men Victims of BB Gun Attack. Miami Herald, June 11th 2008, available at http://www.miamiherald.com/news/break/dade_story/566070.html
6/18/08 South Bend, Indiana Source:
Erin Blasko, Theories Abound Following Shooting, South Bend Tribune, June 21, 2008, Available at http://www.southbendtribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080620/News01/8062003
6/23/08 Jacksonville, North Carolina Source:
Kay, Lindell. Three Arrested in Death of Homeless Man, JD News, June 2008, available at http://www.jdnews.com/common/printer/view/php?db=jdn&id=57880
Kay, Lindell. 3rd Man Pleads Guilty in Homeless Man’s Murder, JD News, June 19, 2009, available at http://www.jdnews.com/common/printer/view.php?db=jdn&id=64976
Jordan, Dave. Third Person Sentenced in Murder of Homeless Man. WITN. July 2, 2009, available at http://www.witn.com/onslowcounty/headlines/49769117.html
6/23/08 Bolinas, California Sources:
Bulwa, Demian. Near Fatal Stabbing Jolts Laid Back Bolinas. SFGate, July 2nd, 2008, available at http://www.sfgate.com
Klein, Gary. 4 Charged in Vicious Attack in Bolinas. June 2008, available at http://www.origin.marinij.com
6/25/08 Cleveland, Ohio Source:
Donaldson, Stan. Homeless Man Beaten to Death by Teens, Police Say. The Plain Dealer, June 26th 2008, available at http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2008/homeless_man_beaten_to_death_b.html
6/26/08 Kansas City, Missouri Source:
Vendel, Christine. Two Accused of Robbing, Attacking Homeless Veteran in KC. Kansas City Star, June 27th 2008, available at http://www.kansascity.com/news/breaking_news/v-print/story/682328.html
6/29/08 Columbus, Ohio Source:
Decker, Theodore. 2 Sought in Shooting at Homeless Camp: Man Confronted Outside Harassers Before They Pointed Guns, Fired Twice. The Columbus Dispatch, June 29th 2008, available at http://www.columbusdispatch.com
7/4/08 Boston, Massachusetts Source:
Valencia, Milton J. Killing of Homeless Man Leaves Questions. Boston Globe, July 11th 2008, Available at: http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2008/07/11/killing_of_homeless_man_leaves_questions/
7/10/08 New York, New York Source:
Four Arrested After Attack On Gay Youth Shelter. Queerty. July 10, 2008, Available at: http://www.queerty.com/four-arrested-after-attack-on-gay-youth-shelter-20080709/
7/15/08 San Pablo, California Source:
Gokhman, Roman. Two charged in slaying of homeless man. Contra Costa Times. July 23, 2008. Available at: http://www.contracostatimes.com/news/ci_9976270
7/23/08 Richmond, California Source:
Gokhman, Roman, Four suspects named in fatal July beating of homeless woman in Richmond, The Mercury News, September 10, 2008. Available at: http://www.mercurynews.com/crime/ci_10432247
7/24/08 Las Angeles, California Source:
LAPD Officers Caught on Tape Assaulting a Homeless Man in Skid Row; Incident Occurs Just Two Days After Police Commission Reduces Punative Measures for Officers Who Use force, Pete White Press Release, July 25, 2008, Available at http://mail.bethesdahosting.com/worldclient.dll?session=JVUIdHQ&View=Message&Pr
7/25/08 Elgin, Illinois Sources:
Haschack, Gene. Teen charged in attack on homeless man in Elgin. Daily Herald. July 30, 2008. Available at: http://www.dailyherald.com/story/print/?id=224230.
The Blotter. 2nd Elgin teen charged in beating, stabbing of homeless man in Metra parking lot. The Chicago Tribune. August 21, 2008. Available at: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-nwblotter-elgin_bothaug22,0,7064538.story.
Tribune Staff Report. 4 people beat, stab homeless man in Elgin. The Chicago Tribune. July 26, 2008. Available at: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-elgin-homeless_bothjul26,0,3271540.story.
During the month of August: Rockford, Illinois Source:
Green, Chris. Groups of Thugs Targeting the Homeless. Rockford Register Star. August 26, 2008.
8/2/08 Panama City, Florida Sources:
David Angier. Teen Found Guilty of First Degree Murder. News Herald. April, 8 2009.
8/2/08 Wilmington, Delaware Sources:
David Reynolds. Wilmington Police search for teens who abused homeless man. StarNewsOnline.com. August 12, 2008. Available at: http://www.starnewsonline.com/article/20080812/ARTICLES/774427497 .
NC Wanted staff. Suspects Sought in Homeless Man Attack. NC Wanted. August 22, 2008. Available at: http://www.ncwanted.com/ncwanted_home/story/3419104/
8/3/08 Panama City, Florida Sources:
Abbott, Mike. Community Shares blame in mistreatment. The News Herald. September 12, 2008. Available at: http://www.newsherald.com/common/printer/view.php?db=newsherald&id=68121.
Calhoun, S. Brady. Sergeant resigns after excessive-force probe. The News Herald. August 29, 2008. Available at: http://www.newsherald.com/common/printer/view.php?dp=newsherald&id=67835
E-mail from Mike Abbott. The News Hearld. To: The National Coalition for the Homeless (September 9, 2008).
News Herald Staff. Editorial: Over the Line. The News Herald. September 3, 2008. Available at: http://www.newsherald.com/common/printer/view.php?db=newsherald&id=67914
8/7/08 Cleveland, Ohio Source:
E-mail from Josh Konary. Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless. Cleveland, Ohio to the National Coalition for the Homeless (August 7, 2008).
8/8/08 New York, New York Sources:
N.J. Burkett. Homeless man murdered outside temple. 7online.com. August 8, 2008. Available at: http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/story?id=6314642§ion=news/local .
Fernanda Santos. Man Is Found Dead Near a Sikh Temple in Queens. The New York Times. August 9, 2008. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/09/nyregion/09body.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss .
Pablo Guzman. NYPD Investigating Possible Homeless Murder. Wcbstv.com. August 8, 2008. Available at: http://wcbstv.com/local/homeless.homicide.sikh.2.791321.html .
Tanangachi Mfuni and Jonathan Lemire. Homeless man beaten to death. Daily News. August 8, 2008. Available at: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ny_crime/2008/08/08/2008-08-08_homeless_man_beaten_to_death.html .
Fax from Rajdeep Singh Jolly, Legal Director. Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund (SALDEF), Washington, DC. To Michael Stoops, National Coalition for the Homeless. August 26, 2008.
National Coalition for the Homeless, http://nationalhomeless.org/.
8/25/08 St. Augustine, Florida Sources:
Staff Report, 4 Teens accused of Beating 3 Homeless men, New4jax.com, August 26, 2008. Available at: http://www.news4jax.com/print/172998163/detail.html.
Staff Report, Two 17-year-old brothers held in St. Johns homeless attack, The Florida-Times Union Jacksonville.com, August 26, 20008. Available at: http://news.jacksonville.com/justin/2008/08/26/two-17-year-old-brothers-held-in-st-johns-homeless-attack/
8/26/08 Pontiac, Michigan Sources:
Tammy Stables Battaglia. Teens facing charges in killing. Detroit Free Press. August 27, 2008, at 1B.
Staff. 3 middle schoolers accused of killing, beating. WSBT.com. August 26, 2008. Available at: http://www.wsbt.com/news/regional/27501804.html .
Mike Martindale, Two Pontiac teens expected to be charged in homeless man’s death, The Detroit News, October 14, 2008. Available at: http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081014/METRO/810140436/1409/METRO
Mike Martindale, Boy Charged in second fatal attack, The Detroit News, November 19, 2008. Available at: http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081119/METRO02/811190374/1009/rss02.
Korie Wilkins, 2nd homeless man dies after beating; teens charged in first death, Detroit Free Press, October 15, 2008. Available at: http://www.freep.com/article/20081015/NEWS03/81015077/1005.
Korie Wilkins, Teens charged in fatal beating; comatose man dies, Detroit Free Press, October 16, 2008. Available at: http://www.freep.com/article/20081016/NEWS05/810160429.
Mike Martindale, Teens Face Trials in Deaths of Homeless Men, The Detroit News, January 6, 2009, Available at http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=teens+face+trials+in+deaths
8/26/08 Scranton, Pennsylvania Source:
Erin L. Nissley, Homeless Stabbing Victims Found, The Times Tribune, January 30, 2009. Available at: http://www.thetimes-tribune.com/article/2009/01/30/news/doc49836678d2a36562609149
8/27/08 East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania Source:
Beth Brelje. Gangs leave traces in park. The Pocono Record. August 30, 2008. Available at: http://www.poconorecord.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080830/NEWS/808300329/-1/NEWS0930
8/30/08 Indianapolis, Indiana Source:
: Staff. Man critical after getting jumped. WISHTV8.com. August 30, 2008. Available at: http://www.wishtv.com/Global/story.asp?S=8927769
8/31/08 St. Louis, Missouri Source:
Staff Report, Homeless Man Attacked at South City Bus Stop, myFOXstl.com, September 1, 2008. Available at: http://www.myfoxstl.com/myfox/pages/News/Detail?contentId=7335669&version=2&locale=EN-US&layoutCode=TSTY&pageId=3.2.1
9/2/08 Pompano Beach, Florida Source:
Detectives Say Pompano Beach Man Attacked 39-Year-Old Homeless Woman, WPBF.com, November 13, 2008. Available at: http://www.wpbf.com/print/17972300/detail.html
9/5/08 Annapolis, Maryland Source:
Baltimore Sun Staff, Annapolis teen, 16 is 6th attested in attack on homeless man. Baltimore Sun. September 11, 2008. Available at: http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/local/annearundel/bal-beating0911,0,2886136.story
9/27/08 North Little Rock, Arkansas Sources:
Patty Lindemann, E-mail to Michael Stoops from Patty Lindemann, HungerFreeArk@aol.com October 3, 2008.
Jacob Sanders, $25,000 bail in Slaying in NLR among lowest; Low amount raises concern from neighbors, Arkansas Democrat Gazette, October 3, 2008. Available at: http://www2.arkansasonline.com/news/2008/oct/03/25000-bail-slaying-nlr-among-lowest-20081003/
9/28/08 Key West, Florida Source:
KeysNet Staff Report, Search on for attackers of homeless man; He fends off suspects despite stabbing, KeysNet Staff, September 29, 2008. Available from e-mail from FrBraddock@cs.com to email@example.com
10/08-11/08 Washington, District of Columbia Source:
Michael Neibauer,Targeting D.C. Homeless May Soon Be Hate Crime, The Examiner, June, 3, 2009.
10/2/08 Pompano Beach, Florida Source:
Good Samaritan helps homeless man after robbery, attack, October 10, 2008. Available at: http://www.wsvn.com/news/articles/local/MI99426/
10/9/08 Los Angeles, California Sources:
Hector Becerra, To many, homeless man was a loved one, Los Angeles Times, October 13, 2008. Available at: http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-homeless13-2008oct13,0,5382004.story?page=1&track=rss.
Hector Becerra and Richard Winton, Cruel end for an L.A. homeless man, Los Angeles Times, October 11, 2008.
The Associated Press, LA homeless man immolated in fire identified, Kolotv.com, October 12, 2008. Available at: http://www.kolotv.com/californianews/headlines/30868674.html.
Daily News Wire Services, Family of homeless man set ablaze asks for help finding killers, Daily News, October 17, 2008. Available at: http://www.dailynres.com/ci_10748634source=rss
Oct/Nov Pompano Beach, Florida Source:
Email from Sean Cononie from the COSAC Foundation, firstname.lastname@example.org to National Coalition for the Homeless
11/1/08 Long Beach, California Sources:
Solomon Moore, Few clues in Killing of 5 in California, The New York Times, November 4, 2008.
Thomas Watkins, Long Beach, Calif., police baffled by 5 slayings, Chron.com, November 3, 2008, available at http://www.cron.com/disp/story.mpl/ap/nation/6092970.html
Email from Homeless Peoples Network, 5 found Shot to Death in Homeless Camp, to National Coalition for the Homeless.
11/16/08 Portland, Oregon Sources:
Two Brothers arrested in Assaults of Homeless, The Register Guard, December 28, 2008. Available at http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/web/news/4898609-35/story.csp
Maxine Bernstein, Twin brothers face charges in assaults on homeless, The Oregonian, December 27, 2008. Available at http://www.oregonlive.com/news/index.ssf/2008/12/twin_brothers_face_charges_in.html
11/18/08 Colorado Springs, Colorado Source:
1 woman and 4 men south in stabbing of homeless, Gazette.com, March 6, 2009. Available at: http://www.gazette.com/commo/printer/view.php?db=colgazette&id=49402
11/19/08 San Antonio, Texas Source:
two Arrested In Beating Death Of Homeless Texas Man, Print This, December 10, 2008. Available at http://gray.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=two+arrested+In+beating
12/21/08 St. Petersburg, Florida Source:
Email from HPN – Homeless Peoples Network, St. Pete Homeless under Attack, to HPNLIST@asu.edu , January first 2009.
12/24/08 Washington, District of Columbia Source:
Petula Dvorak, Fatally Beaten Homeless Man Lives on in the Songs he Sang, Washington Post, January 10, 2009, Available at: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/09/AR2009010903574.html
12/26/08 Costa Mesa, California Sources:
Joseph Serna and Alan Blank, Homeless Say Attacks Are Daily, Daily Pilot, December 30,2008. Available at http://www.dailypilot.com/articles/2008/12/30/topstory/dpt-paintball12312008.prt
KTLA News, Homeless Man Savagely Attacked by Teens with Paintball Guns, KTLA.com, December 30, 2008. Available at http://www.ktla.com/print_landing?homeless-man-may-lose-eye-after-teens-at=1&bl
Homeless Man Could Lose Eye After Paintball Attack, Los Angeles Locals Only, December 29, 2008. Available at http://www.printthis.clickability.com/pt/cpt?action=cpt&title=homeless+Man+Could+Lo
Deepa Bharath, Paintball Attack Victim’s Eye Was Popping Out, Friends Say, The Orange County Register, December 29, 2008. Available at http://www.ocregister.com/articles/dahlgren-diaz-people-2268920-zamora-incident
12/30/08 Riverside, California Source:
Sonja Bjelland, Teenager arrested for paintball attack, West briefs, January 1, 2009. Available at http://www.pe.com/localnews/inland/stories/PE_News_Local_W_wbreifs01.3fa0e5b.html
CONTENTS: Main page | pdf of full report | Acknowledgements | Dedication | Executive Summary | Purpose, Methodology, and Previous Reports | Introduction | Historical Summary of Hate Crimes/Violence Data for
1999-2008 | Summary of Hate Crimes/Violence Data in 2008 | Summary of Teen/Young Adult Involvement in Hate Crimes/Violent Acts | Summary of Ages of the Accused versus Ages of the Victims | Summary of Victims Who Were Middle-Aged | Cities where Hate Crimes/Violence Occurred in
2008 | Map of Cities where Hate Crimes/Violence
Occurred in 2008 | States where Hate Crimes/Violence Occurred in 2008 | Map of States where Hate Crimes/Violence Occurred in 2008 | Cities Where Hate Crimes/Violence Occurred – 1999-2008 | Map of Cities Where Hate Crimes/Violence Occurred – 1999-2008 | Comparison of Hate Crime Homicides vs. Lethal Attacks on
Homeless Individuals | National
Media Coverage of Hate Crimes/Violent Acts Against Homeless People | Video Exploitation of Homeless People | Recognizing Anti-Homeless Violence as Hate Crime, by Brian Levin | Legislation | Recommendations for Action | Model City/County/State Legislation/Resolutions | Adopted City/County/State Legislation/Resolutions | Public Education Initiatives | Listing of Incidents by City | Case Descriptions Involving Deaths | Case Descriptions Involving Non-Lethal Rape/Sexual Assault | Case Descriptions Involving Non-Lethal Setting on Fire | Case Descriptions Involving Non-Lethal Beatings | Case Descriptions Involving Non-Lethal Shootings | Case Descriptions Involving Non-Lethal Police Harassment/Brutality | Appendix
A: Sources | Appendix B: NCH Hate Crimes Public Service Ads |